Ergonomics for the elderly.
In addition to the ergonomics for the home environment, there are a number of aspects that are specifically important for the elderly.
It is a difficult choice to continue living in your current home or to look for a home that is better suited for older residents. Sometimes it is possible with relatively small adjustments to adjust a home, an ergonomist can help you with that.
Examples of these are:
- Lighting - elderly people need more light, not only when reading but also further in the house, especially when climbing stairs.
- Handles - extra handles in the bathroom, toilet and stairs are very handy and are the easiest way to make a house extra safe and comfortable. This is possible without making a house look like a real retirement home.
- Prevent slipping and falling.
Safety in and around the house is very important.
It is not the intention to be afraid of things that can happen, but to prevent accidents as much as possible.
To prevent falls, a few basic rules apply:
- No loose carpets.
- Be careful with thresholds.
- Do not stand on chairs, a household staircase with a high bracket is much safer.
- Especially for the elderly, stairs must be very well lit and have a good handrail.
- Stairs in old houses are often steep and have shallow steps.
- It is often possible to improve the stairs with slightly larger steps with a good anti-slip edge.
- Highly visible (color / lighting etc).
- Handrails must meet a few requirements:
- They must be at the correct height on both sides of the stairs.
- The steps must be sufficiently rigid and have a shape that holds well.
- They should be attached in such a way that it is not necessary to release the handrail while walking.
- A relatively large number of accidents occur in bathrooms; wet floors are simply smoother than dry floors.
- There is always a chance of slipping, especially when getting out of a bath or shower cubicles.
- Nowadays, non-slip tiles are often used in bathrooms, which are a bit stiffer than regular tiles.
- Some manufacturers, such as Mosa, have tiles with different skid resistance, with the same color and motif.
- This makes the floor for the bath or the shower stiffer than the rest of the bathroom.
- Smooth tiles are much easier to clean.
- It is also wise to place handles, they must be mounted properly.
- Some handles are attached with suction cups, which is always less good than a handle that is screwed down tightly.
- Good lighting is very important for the elderly, as you age, your eyesight decreases, good lighting can compensate for this.
- Good reading lighting is obvious, but also at other places in the house, for example, stairs, it is important to adjust the lighting.
- Lighting is not only about the amount of light but also about the color rendering of the light, if it is not good it can cause severe fatigue and headache.
- There are good energy-saving lamps and fluorescent tubes, but also many bad ones.
- Another important aspect of lighting is switching it on and off, this can be improved by, for example, remote controls and automatic switches.
- In dangerous places such as stairs and areas with obstacles, good lighting is particularly important.